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2020年普利兹克建筑奖,刚刚颁给这家公司的两位爱尔兰美女建筑师

2020-03-040
导语:2020普利兹克奖获得者:Yvonne Farrell与Shelley McNamara

彩票365      MEIGUONIUYUEDANGDISHIJIAN10DIAN,PULIZIKEJIANGGUANFANGXUANBUGrafton ArchitectsLIANGWEICHUANGSHIREN、ZHUCHIJIANZHUSHI——YIFANNA·FARUIER(Yvonne Farrell)YUXIELI·MAIKENAMALA(Shelley McNamara)CHENGWEI2020NIANDI42JIEPULIZIKEJIANGHUOJIANGZHE。

Grafton ArchitectsLIANGWEICHUANGSHIREN、ZHUCHIJIANZHUSHI——YIFANNA·FARUIER(Yvonne Farrell)YUXIELI·MAIKENAMALA(Shelley McNamara)

      ZHEISHIPULIZIKEJIANGJIZHAHA·HADIDE(2004)、MEIDAOHESHI(2010,YUXIZELIWEIGONGTONGHUOJIANG)、KAMO·PIGEMU(2017,YULAFEIER·ALANDA、LAMENG·BILAERTAGONGTONGHUOJIANG)ZHIHOU,DISICIJIANGJIANGXIANGSHOUYUNVXINGJIANZHUSHI。TAMENYESHIAIERLANDESHOUCIHUOJIANGZHE。

2020NIANPULIZIKEJIANGPINGWEI

 SIDIFEN·BULEIYE (ZHUXI):MEIGUO***FAYUANDAFAGUAN,MEIGUOHUASHENGDUN 

彩票365ANDELIE·ALANIYA·KELEIYA·DU·LAGE: JIANZHUPINGLUNJIA,CEZHANREN,BAXIZHURIBENDASHI,YINDUDELI

BALI·BOGEDUOER: JIANZHULISHIXUEJIA,JIAOYUJIA,CEZHANREN,ZUOJIA,MEIGUONIUYUE

DEBOLA·BOKE: JIANZHUSHI,JIAOYUJIA,MEIGUONIUYUE

彩票365MEIDAOHESHI: 2010NIANPULIZIKEJIANGDEZHU,RIBENDONGJING

BENNIDETA·TALIYABU: JIANZHUSHI,JIAOYUJIA,XIBANYABASAILUONEI

WANGSHU: JIANZHUSHI,JIAOYUJIA,2012NIANPULIZIKEJIANGDEZHU,ZHONGGUOHANGZHOU

彩票365MASHA·SUOEN(CHANGWULISHI):IE JIANZHUYUSHEJIXUEYUANYUANZHANG,XIBANYAMADELI

      正如普利兹克奖评语所说:她们的职业生涯清晰诠释了普利兹克奖的精神:建筑作品必须为人类和环境创作永恒的贡献,以自身之力强调艺术与建筑。她们的作品包括大量教育建筑,文化建筑,住宅以及公共空间。在建筑学这个以男性为主导的行业领域中,她们以女性的身份,像先驱一样引导着无数在坚持这条道路的女建筑师们。通过深入研究,她们对建筑场地有着深刻的认知,以敏锐的观察力、开放而好奇的探索精神,尊重当地文脉与背景,以一种不失新颖与现代的方式的设计,融洽地立足于城市中。这种对“场所精神”的深度研究,使得她们的建筑就像一个“好邻居”,在打破固有界限感的同时让社区更加融洽。例如,北国王街公寓(都柏林,2000),建筑向相交的繁华街道打开,将用户引入内部庭院中。

彩票365      LIANGWEIJIANZHUSHILAIZIAIERLAN,YIGESHANMAIMIANYAN、XUANYABIANBUDEDAOGUO,TAMENYINERDEYIPEIYANGCHUDUIMEIGEDIFANGDEDIXINGDIMAO、QIHOUBIANQIANHEZIRANHUANJINGDEMINRUIGANJUE。TAMENDEJIANZHUSHEJISHIZHONGBAOCHIZHEFENGFUDEYONGYI,DANYOUHENSHIDU;YOUHUALECHENGSHIBINGZENGJIAKECHIXUXINGFAZHANLAIHUIKUIDANGDIDEXUQIU。LIANGREN***CHUZAIDOUBOLINDAXUEJIANZHUXIXIANGYUXIANGZHI,YU1978NIAN,LIANHEQITASANRENGONGTONGCHUANGLILEGrafton Architects。SHIWUSUODEMINGZI“Grafton”YUANZIDOUBOLINSHIZHONGXINDEYITIAOJIEDAO,TAMENDE***JIANBANGONGSHIJIUKAISHEZAINEILI。ZHEIGEMINGZIBIAODALEYIZHONGHEZUODEQINGXIANG,MEIYOUXUANQULIANGRENMINGZIZHONGDERENHEBUFEN,ERSHIXUANYONGJIEDAODEMINGZI,YINWEIBIQI“GETI”(individuals),TAMENGENGJIAXIANGXIN“CHANGSUO”(place)DEZHONGYAOXING。QIZHONGYAODEJIANZHUZUOPINBAOKUOBEIGUOWANGJIEZHUZHAI(AIERLANDOUBOLIN, 2000NIAN),DOUBOLINDAXUEAIERLANCHENGSHIYANJIUYUAN(AIERLANDOUBOLIN, 2002NIAN),SUOERSIDISIYISHUZHONGXIN(AIERLANNAWEN, 2007NIAN),LUOLEITUOSHEQUXUEXIAO(AIERLANMIERFUDE, 2006NIAN),CAIZHENGBUBANGONGLOU(AIERLANDOUBOLIN, 2009NIAN),YIJILIMOLIKEDAXUEYIXUEYUAN(AIERLANLIMOLIKE, 2012NIAN)DENG。

AIERLAN CHENGSHIYANJIUYUAN,2002,AIERLANDOUBOLIN

      ZUOWEITAMENYIGUANDEFENGGE,LIANGWEIJIANZHUSHIDUIRUHESHEJIJIANZHUWUDEFUZAFENQULERUZHIZHANG,YIZHIYUJINGGUANNENGGOUJIANGSHENCENGNEIBUKONGJIANYUGENGHONGDADEWAIBUKONGJIANLIANJIEQILAI,RANGZIRANGUANGKEYICHUANTOUJINLAIJIHUOJIANZHUWUSHENCHUDENEIBUKONGJIAN。TONGCHANGLAIZITIANCHUANGHUOGAOCENGCHUANGHUDEGUANGXIANHUIGUANCHUANJIANZHUWUDEZHENGGENEIBUKONGJIAN,TIGONGLEWENNUANHESHIJUEDEXINSHANGXIAOGUO,BANGZHUJUZHUZHENENGZAIQIZHONGQINGSONGQUEDINGZIJIDEFANGWEI,BINGTIGONGYUWAIBUKONGJIANDEBIYAOLIANJIE。ZAISISHINIANYUNIANJIAN,ZHEIDUI***PAIDANGZAIAIERLAN,YINGGUO,FAGUO,YIDALIJIMILUWANCHENGLEDALIANGCHENGSHIGAISHANXIANGMU,HUIYINGLEBENDIXUQIUDEJIANZHU。

AIERLAN CHENGSHIYANJIUYUAN,2002  

BOKENIDAXUEJINGJIXUEYUAN, 2008

      建筑启蒙:

      HUIGUTONGNIANSHIDAI,MAIKENAMALAZHUIYIDAO:“WODEJIANZHUXINGQUDEQIMENGYUANZIHAITISHIDAIYICIQULIMOLIKEBAIFANGYIMUDEJINGLI。ZHEISHIYIDONGSHIBASHIJIDEJUZHAI,ZUOLUOZAIYIGEYOUMEIDEZHUJIEQU,YIFUZAIYILOUJINGYINGYAOFANG,YONGYIPAIJINGZHIDETAOHUAXINMUPUCHENCHENHU,ERYIMULIYONGMENTINGSHANGFANGDEYIGEFANGJIANKAIBANLEYISUOXIAOXINGMENGTAISUOLIXUEXIAO。ZHEIHUANXINGLEWODUIFANGZIDERENZHIHAOQI,WOZHIJINQINGXIDIJIDEKONGJIANHEGUANGXIANDAILAIDEGANJUE,ZHEIDUIWOERYAN***SHIYIGEQISHI。”

      FALEIERFENXIANGDAO:“WOERSHI***CHUDEJIYIZHIYIJIUSHITANGZAIJIALIDEXIAOXINGSANJIAOGANGQINXIAMIAN,YANGKAOZHEDIBANSHANGDEDIANZI。DANGMUQINZAIWOSHANGFANGDANQIGANGQIN,WOJIDEZHEIJIANHUTAOMULEQIXIACHONGMANYINLEXUANLVDEMEIMIAOKONGJIANYIJINGKERUWODEYISHILI。WOZAIAIERLANAOFALIJUNDETALAMOERZHANGDA——YIZUOYOUCUOLUODEJIEDAOHEGUANGCHANG、SHITOUDAQIDECANGKU、JINGXINJIANZAODEFANGWUHEYITIAOYUNHEZUCHENGDEXIAOZHEN,SHUIDAOZAIFENGJINGZHONGJIANCHUYITIAOQIMIAODEHUXIAN。MEIDAOCHUNTIAN,CHENGJIAODEYIPIANXIANGSHULINLIYOUMANTIANBIANYEDEFENGXINZI。DAZIRANGANJUERUCIQINJIN,CHUSHOUKEJI。”

AIERLAN CHENGSHIYANJIUYUAN,2002

BEIGUOWANGJIEGONGYU

彩票365DONGZHIYISHUZHONGXIN,2007

LIMAGONGCHENGJISHUDAXUEJIAOXUELOU,2015

      建筑事务所逐渐发展

      YIFANNA·FARUIERHEXIELI·MAIKENAMALAZAIDOUBOLINDAXUEJIANZHUXUEYUANDEDAXUEXUEXIQIJIANXIANGSHI。ZAIBIYEDESHIHOU,LIANGRENDOUDOUDEDAOLEZAIUCDRENJIAODEJIHUI,ZAINEILIRENJIAOZHIDAO2006NIAN,BINGZAI2015NIANBEIRENMINGWEIJIANZHIJIAOSHOU。WUWEI***CHUDEHEHUORENZHONG,ZHIYOUFALEIERHEMAIKENAMALAJIANCHILIULEXIALAI。25NIANHOU,TAMENYINGLAILE***GEAIERLANBENTUYIWAIDEGUOJIWEITUOXIANGMU——WEIYUMILANDEBOKENIDAXUE(YIDALIMILAN, 2008NIAN),BINGYICIRONGHUO 2008NIANYUBASAILUONEIJUBANDESHOUJIESHIJIEJIANZHUJIE(World Architecture Festival)DENIANDUJIANZHUDAJIANG。SUIHOUQITAGUOJIXIANGMUYEJIEZHONGERZHI,YINGDELEJIANZHUJIEDEYIZHIHAOPING。LIMAGONGCHENGJISHUDAXUEDEXIAOYUANSHEJIXIANGMU(MILULIMA, 2015NIAN)BEIYINGGUOHUANGJIAJIANZHUSHIXUEHUI(RIBA)SHOUYU2016NIANSHOUDUCHUANGLIDERIBAGUOJIJIANG。KUANGYEYUDIANXINXUEYUANJITUAN(FAGUOBALI, 2019NIAN)HETULUZI***DAXUEJINGJIXUEYUAN(FAGUOTULUZI,2019NIAN)YIYUJINQIJUNGONG。

2012NIANWEINISIJIANZHUSHUANGNIANZHAN

2012NIANWEINISIJIANZHUSHUANGNIANZHAN

彩票365      2008NIAN,Yvonne FarrellHEShelley McNamaraZAIBASAILUONEIJUXINGDESHIJIEJIANZHUJIEZHONG,HUODELESHIJIENIANDUJIANZHUJIANG。2012NIAN,TAMENYIN“JIANZHUSHIXINDESHIJIEDITU(Architecture as New Geography)”YIZHANERRONGHUOWEINISIJIANZHUSHUANGNIANZHANYINSHIJIANG。2017NIAN,Yvonne Farrell HE Shelley McNamaraYINGDELE2017NIANTUOMASI·JIEFEIXUNJIANZHUJIANG,ZHIZAIBIAOZHANG“ZUOCHUJIECHUGONGXIANDEJIECHURENSHI”,BAOKUOFALV,GONGMINLINGXIU,QUANQIUCHUANGXINHEJIANZHU。 2018NIAN,Yvonne FarrellHEShelley McNamaraCEHUALELIANGNIANLIANGNIANYIDUDEWEINISIJIANZHUSHUANGNIANZHAN,KANCHENGGUOJIZHANSHIDANGDAIYISHUDE***ZHANHUI。2020TAMENFENBIEYUHUODERIAIBANFADERIAI James GandonZHONGSHENJIANZHUCHENGJIUJIANGHERIBAHUANGJIAJINJIANG。

LIMAGONGCHENGJISHUDAXUEJIAOXUELOU,2015

LUNDUNJINSIDUNDAXUEXUEXIZHONGXIN

彩票365LUOLEITUOSHEQUXUEXIAO,2006,MIERFUDE

LIMOLIKEDAXUEYIXUEYUAN,2012

彩票365TULUZIDAXUEJINGJIXUEYUAN,2019

彩票365TULUZIDAXUEJINGJIXUEYUAN,2019

      DUANDUAN40NIANJIAN,TAMENYIJINGZAIAIERLAN、YINGGUO、FAGUO、YIDALIHEMILUDENGDIWANCHENGLEJIN40GEXIANGMU。 FALEIERHEMAIKENAMALASHIPULIZIKEJIANGDEDI47WEIHEDI48WEIHUOJIANGZHE,YESHISHOUCIHUOJIANGDEAIERLANJIANZHUSHI。

      相关阅读:

      关于普利兹克建筑奖:

彩票365      PULIZIKEJIANZHUJIANG,ZHEIYIGUOJIXINGJIANGXIANGYOUMEIGUOZHIJIAGEPULIZIKEJIAZUTONGGUOQIXIAKAIYUEJIJINHUIYU1979NIANCHUANGLI,MEINIANPINGXUANYICI,SHOUYUYIWEIHUODUOWEIZUOCHUJIECHUGONGXIANDEZAISHIJIANZHUSHI。GAIJIANGXIANGTONGCHANGBEIYUWEI"JIANZHUJIEDENUOBEIERJIANG"HE"YEJIE***RONGYU"。